1 page essay
for PART
A ( 300 words count)2 full pages for answering PART
B (700 +words count)Part A!!!!. Answer one!!!!! of
the following short answer questions (one-half page or 250
to 300 words; 12 pts).1. Discuss the
contributions of one prominent archaeologist from your text and explain what
they are known for. What were their primary contributions to the field of
archaeology?2. Briefly discuss the Mesolithic
as a cultural stage. Examine a set of archaeological sites that show the
age and the geographical and cultural complexity of this adaptation. What kind
of subsistence methods were characteristic? 3. Consider the evidence for a
shift/change from hunter-gatherer subsistence to food producer subsistence
economies. What are the key indicators of this shift and what kinds of
artifacts would you expect to find to document such a change? List at least 1-2
of the primary artifacts that are characteristic of each subsistence economy
and explain how they were used. 4. Write about the global
appearance of early domesticated plants. Which areas were the focal points and
what plants do we find archaeological traces of in these areas?B. Answer ONLY ONE
!!!!! of the following longer-answer questions. The
response to the question should be 1 to 1.5 pages (650 to 700 words; 28 points)
and single-spaced for this midterm. Your answers should be a synthesis of your
own knowledge of the material presented in this course. Be sure to include
specific evidence and archaeological details in your answers and incorporate
in-depth discussions of the topics to demonstrate your understanding of the
materials.1. How and when did humans arrive
in the New World? Explain the current archaeological evidence from which we
derive our understanding of how humans migrated into the New World.
Outline at least twohypotheses for how peoples
migrated/spread into the Americas. Be sure to include at
least threearchaeological sites and the associated
archaeological remains and/or artifacts that support either theory. Choose
which route you believe was used and explain with archaeological details why
you think it was the most likely route.2. How is the colonization of
Rapa Nui (Easter Island) related to the initial settlement of the rest of the
Pacific Islands (from Sahuland to the edges of Polynesia). You may use your
Feder text, other assigned reading, and the appropriate websites listed in Canvas
regarding this. Discuss how this settlement relates to colonization of
places like Australia and the New World. What kinds of archaeological evidence
supports your interpretation? Is this an illustration of Feder’s
“expanding geographic horizons?”3. Why is the development
of agriculture an important transition from previous lifeways? Select twoagricultural
societies we have read about this term and discuss: (1) the major species of
domesticated plants and animals they used and when they were domesticated, and
(2) why these domesticates were important to each society (culturally,
economically, and ecologically). Explain at
least two types of cultural changes that are
associated with the shift from a mobile to a more sedentary lifestyle.4. Review the evidence for
the Homo erectus or Homo sapiens stage of human evolution.
Reference the key sites and dates, the anatomical and behavioral patterns, and
the geographical range of the species. Archaeologically, what does the
culture of the Homo species you have
selected look like? In answering this, be sure to discuss specific
artifacts and at least two archaeological sites that inform us about the
cultural elaboration of this fossil human stage.5. Briefly, review the evidence
for an “Agricultural Revolution.” Did this take place rapidly
all over the world as people discovered food production, or was it a different
process in various places around the globe? What are the archaeological
indicators (i.e., artifacts, faunal remains, human skeletal indicators, etc.)
of an agricultural subsistence system? Be sure to address the question of when
this was taking place and in what part of the world.Here is the in-class
source: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1iaPAW3ng2t-5YAtry…For the essay questions, please
note that your answer is restricted in space, so be sure to write carefully in your own words. You MUST CITE any
in-class or outside sources (both in text and in a final bibliography). As in
your previous written assignments, citations should be formal and follow a
common archaeological format (e.g., American Antiquity style sheet or Chicago
Manual of Style) with all pertinent information (author name, year, and page
number for quotations). You will have some choice in questions you select
to answer.

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