1.(04.01 LC)An argument is (10 points)an interesting appeal to ethicsa philosophical appeal to sciencean anecdotal appeal to emotiona well-supported appeal to logic2.(04.01 LC)Which of these is an important element in establishing an effective argument? (10 points)Identifying with the opposing sideChallenging the opposing sideIgnoring the opposing sideCelebrating the opposing side3.(04.01 LC)An argument gives you the opportunity to (10 points)ask someone to accept your positionshow people they are wrongmake people listen to youprove someone’s mistakes4.(04.01 LC)Ethos uses responsible research practices and fair use of appeals to establish _________________. (10 points)realitycredibilitystabilityquality5.(04.01 MC)Match the logical fallacy to the correct definition. (15 points)abc1.Slippery Slopeabc2.Post Hocabc3.Feara.Incorrectly assumes that one event causes anotherb.Uses worst-case scenarios to create supportc.Claims that one action leads to a series of undesirable events6.(04.01 MC)America: Love it or leave it!The flawed logic in this statement is an example of (20 points)slippery slopehasty generalizationpost hocfalse dichotomy7.(04.01 HC)In his closing argument during the O.J. Simpson murder trial, defense attorney Johnnie Cochran said to the jury:”You are empowered to do justice. You are empowered to ensure that this great system of ours works. Listen for a moment, will you, please. One of my favorite people in history is the great Frederick Douglas. He said shortly after the slaves were freed, quote, “In a composite nation like ours as before the law, there should be no rich, no poor, no high, no low, no white, no black, but common country, common citizenship, equal rights and a common destiny.” This marvelous statement was made more than 100 years ago. It’s an ideal worth striving for and one that we still strive for. We haven’t reached this goal yet, but certainly in this great country of ours, we’re trying. With a jury such as this, we hope we can do that in this particular case.”Evaluate Cochran’s argument in terms of logos, pathos, and ethos. Use evidence from the statement to support your answer. Your response should be a minimum of five sentences. (25 points)

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