1.Write a careful analysis of how this passage relates to a philosophical movement and how this connection helps to develop the themes of the text. Cite textual details to support your answer. Your response should be 1 paragraph.2.Write a careful analysis of the multiple symbols found in this passage. In your analysis, consider how the symbols combine to impact theme. Your response should be 1 paragraph.The excerpt is in the file below. Remember you can only write about and use textual evidence from this excerpt. The last tutor tried using information and evidence from this story but it wasn’t from this excerpt only.

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Excerpt from Chapter 7 of The Trial
Was the lawyer trying to comfort K. or to confuse him? K. could not tell, but it seemed clear to
him that his defence was not in good hands. Maybe everything the lawyer said was quite right,
even though he obviously wanted to make himself as conspicuous as possible and probably
had never even taken on a case as important as he said K.’s was. But it was still suspicious how
he continually mentioned his personal contacts with the civil servants. Were they to be exploited
solely for K.’s benefit? The lawyer never forgot to mention that they were dealing only with junior
officials, which meant officials who were dependent on others, and the direction taken in each
trial could be important for their own furtherment. Could it be that they were making use of the
lawyer to turn trials in a certain direction, which would, of course, always be at the cost of the
defendant? It certainly did not mean that they would do that in every trial, that was not likely at
all, and there were probably also trials where they gave the lawyer advantages and all the room
he needed to turn it in the direction he wanted, as it would also be to their advantage to keep his
reputation intact. If that really was their relationship, how would they direct K.’s trial which, as
the lawyer had explained, was especially difficult and therefore important enough to attract great
attention from the very first time it came to court? There could not be much doubt about what
they would do. The first signs of it could already be seen in the fact that the first documents still
had not been submitted even though the trial had already lasted several months, and that,
according to the lawyer, everything was still in its initial stages, which was very effective, of
course, in making the defendant passive and keeping him helpless. Then he could be suddenly
surprised with the verdict, or at least with a notification that the hearing had not decided in his
favour and the matter would be passed on to a higher office.
It was essential that K. take a hand in it himself. On winter’s mornings such as this, when he
was very tired and everything dragged itself lethargically through his head, this belief of his
seemed irrefutable. He no longer felt the contempt for the trial that he had had earlier. If he had
been alone in the world it would have been easy for him to ignore it, although it was also certain
that, in that case, the trial would never have arisen in the first place. But now, his uncle had
already dragged him to see the lawyer, he had to take account of his family; his job was no
longer totally separate from the progress of the trial, he himself had carelessly—with a certain,
inexplicable complacency—mentioned it to acquaintances and others had learned about it in
ways he did not know, his relationship with Miss Bürstner seemed to be in trouble because of it.
In short, he no longer had any choice whether he would accept the trial or turn it down, he was
in the middle of it and had to defend himself. If he was tired, then that was bad.
But there was no reason to worry too much before he needed to. He had been capable of
working himself up to his high position in the bank in a relatively short time and to retain it with
respect from everyone, now he simply had to apply some of the talents that had made that
possible for him to the trial, and there was no doubt that it had to turn out well. The most
important thing, if something was to be achieved, was to reject in advance any idea that he
might be in any way guilty. There was no guilt. The trial was nothing but a big piece of business,
just like he had already concluded to the benefit of the bank many times, a piece of business
that concealed many lurking dangers waiting in ambush for him, as they usually did, and these
dangers would need to be defended against. If that was to be achieved then he must not
entertain any idea of guilt, whatever he did, he would need to look after his own interests as
closely as he could. Seen in this way, there was no choice but to take his representation away
from the lawyer very soon, at best that very evening. The lawyer had told him, as he talked to
him, that that was something unheard of and would probably do him a great deal of harm, but K.
could not tolerate any impediment to his efforts where his trial was concerned, and these
impediments were probably caused by the lawyer himself. But once he had shaken off the
lawyer the documents would need to be submitted straight away and, if possible, he would need
to see to it that they were being dealt with every day. It would of course not be enough, if that
was to be done, for K. to sit in the corridor with his hat under the bench like the others. Day after
day, he himself, or one of the women or somebody else on his behalf, would have to run after
the officials and force them to sit at their desks and study K.’s documents instead of looking out
on the corridor through the grating. There could be no let-up in these efforts, everything would
need to be organised and supervised, it was about time that the court came up against a
defendant who knew how to defend and make use of his rights.
But when K. had the confidence to try and do all this the difficulty of composing the documents
was too much for him. Earlier, just a week or so before, he could only have felt shame at the
thought of being made to write out such documents himself; it had never entered his head that
the task could also be difficult. He remembered one morning when, already piled up with work,
he suddenly shoved everything to one side and took a pad of paper on which he sketched out
some of his thoughts on how documents of this sort should proceed. Perhaps he would offer
them to that slow-witted lawyer, but just then the door of the manager’s office opened and the
deputy-director entered the room with a loud laugh. K. was very embarrassed, although the
deputy-director, of course, was not laughing at K.’s documents, which he knew nothing about,
but at a joke he had just heard about the stock-exchange, a joke which needed an illustration if
it was to be understood, and now the deputy-director leant over K.’s desk, took his pencil from
his hand, and drew the illustration on the writing pad that K. had intended for his ideas about his
K. now had no more thoughts of shame, the documents had to be prepared and submitted. If,
as was very likely, he could find no time to do it in the office he would have to do it at home at
night. If the nights weren’t enough he would have to take a holiday. Above all, he could not stop
half way, that was nonsense not only in business but always and everywhere. Needless to say,
the documents would mean an almost endless amount of work. It was easy to come to the
belief, not only for those of an anxious disposition, that it was impossible ever to finish it.

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